National parks are considered as protected areas they are come under Wildlife Institute of India. Wildlife Institute of India is an autonomous Institution of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India. The aim of the National Park is to protect the wildlife and its environment. India’s first national park is Hailey National park and it was established in 1936, now it was renamed as Jim Corbett National Park. That is located in Uttarakhand. According to National Wildlife Database, Dec. 2020 in India there are 104 existing national parks covering an area of 43,716 km2, which is 1.33% of the geographical area of the country. In this article we are going to see India’s National parks in the basis of State.
In Andhra Pradesh there are 3 National Parks they are
- Sri Venkateswara National Park: It was Established in the Year of 1989. It covers an area about 353.62 square km. It is the home for endemic plant species and interesting fauna species like Slender Loris, Tree shrew, Wild dog etc. It is famous for Crested Serpent Eagle, Indian Roller, Kingfishers etc. Here there are 3 waterfalls have they are Talakona, Gundalakona and Gujana. The Talakona waterfall is the highest waterfall in Andhra Pradesh.
- Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) National Park: It was Established in the Year of 2005. It covers an area about 2.40 square km. It is famous for the flora’s like Dalbergia sissoo, Grewia villosa, and Gymnema sylvestre. It is also famous for the fauna’s like little egrets, parakeets, peacocks, scorpions, spiders, butterflies, grasshoppers, crickets, Bullfrog, Asian common toad Russell’s boa, Russell’s viper, Common skink Spotted deer, Indian gray mongoose, and Black-napped hare.
- Papikonda National Park: It was Established in the Year of 2008. It covers an area about 1012.86 square km. It is famous for the flora’s like Pterocarpus marsupium, Terminalia elliptica, Terminalia arjuna, Adina cordifolia, Sterculia urens, Mangifera indica and Anogeissus latifolia. It is also famous for the fauna’s like Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, rusty-spotted cat, jungle cat, leopard cat, sloth bear, small Indian civet, Asian palm civet, wild boar, honey badger, spotted deer, sambar deer, Indian muntjac, Indian spotted chevrotain, gaur, nilgai and four-horned antelope.
In Arunachal Pradesh there are 2 National Parks they are
- Namdapha National Park: It was Established in the Year of 1983. It covers an area about 1,985 square km. It is famous for the critically endangered flying squirrel. It also have other species like leopard, snow leopard, tiger and clouded leopard. It is famous for the flora like Sapria himalayana and Balanophora.
- Mouling National Park: It was Established in the Year of 1986. It covers an area about 483 square km. It is famous for the animals like takin, goral, Indian leopard, Bengal tiger, barking deer, serow and red panda.
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