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Best Frontend and Backend Frameworks for Web Development

Web Development is completely different comparing it with last few years ago. The framework plays an important role in the field of web development and web applications, Framework is an approach for building rich and interactive web applications. If you choose your career in web development or planning to built your own website, you have to choose a framework. There are many web development frameworks are available in the market today, every framework has its own advantages and disadvantages.

Best Frontend Frameworks

Frontend frameworks are just different tools which declare rules on how developers should structure their HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, to make the application easier to develop. Frontend frameworks takes some little time to study, and it will be little tough in the beginning.

1. React JS

React JS is open source language. It was developed in 2013 by Facebook. React JS is not a Framework, it is a frontend JavaScript library. Many developers consider React JS as a Framework.

React JS provides a quick interactive interface with less time for developers to develop. We can use React JS as a base in the development of single-page or mobile applications. It has extended its arms to capture the mobile market with React Native and in cross-platform mobile application development technology. If you are not experience with JavaScript, it isn’t recommended option, because React JS is little bit tough.

The companies which have developed their frontend side of web applications in React JS is: Facebook, Instagram, Tesla, Netflix, Khan Academy, Airbnb, New York Times, etc.

Best Features of React JS :-

  • Flexibility across Web & Mobile
  • Enhanced Speed & Performance
  • Virtual DOM
  • JSX
  • Known to be SEO Friendly
  • Reusable Components
  • Scope for Testing the Codes

GitHub Link: https://github.com/facebook/react

2. Angular or Angular JS

Angular JS is an open-source front-end web framework developed by Google in 2016 . Angular is one of the best framework for web developers. Angular is based on typescript. Using Angular JS framework developers can build high performance and powerful web and mobile applications.

The applications which are built with the help of Angular JS is very easy to maintain. The main functionalities of Angular JS is two-way data binding(two-way data binding means, real time synchronization between the model and the view). It has an regular updates by Google, with amazing new features, this makes Angular as one of the top web development frontend framework. Compared to React JS, Angular JS is not easy to learn.

The companies which have developed their frontend side of web applications in Angular JS is: PayPal, Blender, Google, Microsoft, BMW, IBM, Xbox, Freelancer, Forbes, JetBlue, etc.

Best Features of Angular JS :-

  • Flexibility
  • Single Page Heavy Application performance
  • Two-way Data binding
  • Ease in Maintaining
  • Dependency Injection
  • Components are reusable
  • Improved server performance

GitHub Link: https://github.com/angular

3. Vue JS

Vue JS is one of the popular JavaScript framework and it is getting trend among developers due to its great features. It was created by a Google employee Evan You in 2014. It helps programmers to design flexible applications and it is very easy to solve issues on Vue JS.

Vue.js is also a two-way binding like Angular JS. It is a progressive framework because we can use Vue in one portion of our existing project. Popularity of Vue.js is increasing day by day because of its two huge advantages, visual DOM and component-based.

The companies which have developed their frontend side of web applications in Vue JS is: Alibaba, Zoom, Gitlab, Wappalyzer, Xiaomi, Reuters, MetaMusic, Behance, etc.

Best Features of Vue JS :-

  • Flexibility to design the app structure
  • Simple syntax
  • Virtual DOM
  • Easy to understand
  • Organized and detailed Documentation
  • Typescript support
  • Tiny size
  • Reactive two-way data binding
  • Community support

GitHub Link: https://github.com/vuejs/vue

4. Ember JS

Ember JS was released late in 2011, it is an open-source JavaScript framework. It is based on Model-View View-Model(MVVM) pattern. We can develop complex mobile and web applications with Ember JS.

Ember js offers two-way data binding similar to Angular JS. It allows developers to make scalable single page web applications. It became well-known for maintaining, developing, and reusable JavaScript web applications. One of the main advantage of Ember JS is, it is component-based. It provides a ready configuration for large scale projects.

The companies which have developed their frontend side of web applications in Ember JS is: Twitch, Apple Music, LinkedIn, Live Nation, Accenture, DigitalOcean, Runtastic, Square, etc.

Best Features of Ember JS :-

  • Quick to develop
  • Gigantic Ecosystem
  • Built-in functionalities
  • Stability without Stagnation
  • Future web standards foresight

GitHub Link: https://github.com/emberjs

5. Backbone JS

Backbone JS is a open-source lightweight JavaScript web development framework which is based on MVC application design process. It was created by Jeremy.

Backbone JS allow us to develop single-page applications and dynamic applications. It allows us to built complete client-side applications and we can reuse the code.

The companies which have developed their frontend side of web applications in Backbone JS is: Trello, SoundCloud, Bitbucket, Basecamp calendar, Flowdock, Foursquare, etc.

Best Features of Backbone JS :-

  • Lightweight framework
  • One of the fastest javascript frameworks
  • Easy to learn
  • 100+ extensions are available
  • Allows you to develop compact web applications using jQuery

GitHub Link: https://github.com/jashkenas/backbone

6. Bootstrap

Bootstrap is one of the most popular and widely used front-end frameworks, nowadays. It was developed by Twitter and released in 2011. Bootstrap was known as Twitter Blueprint.

Bootstrap is a powerful front-end framework used to create modern websites and web applications. It’s an open-source and free to use. Bootstrap has many numerous features for HTML and CSS templates for elements such as buttons and forms. Bootstrap also supports JavaScript plugins, which make it even more flexible. It has a good grid system, and it has a lot of components for styling many HTML elements. we can use Bootstrap with any IDE or editor, and with any server side technology and language, from ASP.NET to PHP to Ruby on Rails.

The companies which have developed their frontend side of web applications in Bootstrap is: Twitter, Spotify, Udemy, Lyft, LinkedIn, Robinhood, StackShare, etc.

Best Features of Bootstrap :-

  • Lightweight and customizable
  • Responsive structures and styles
  • Good documentation and community support
  • Great grid system
  • Loads of free and professional templates, WordPress themes and plugins
  • Helps You Avoid Cross-browser Bugs

GitHub Link: https://github.com/twbs/bootstrap

7. jQuery

Jquery is a small, fast, and rich front-end framework based on JavaScript. JQuery is open source and it was introduced in 2006.

Jquery is very easy to use. JQuery is used in developing desktop-based javascript applications and used for designing creative apps. jQuery UI is the collection of GUI widgets, themes and animated visual effects. The JQuery and jQuery UI are the two open source and free software which are distributed by jQuery Foundation.

The companies which have developed their frontend side of web applications in Jquery is: Uber, Twitter, Udemy, Slack, Hdbest.net, reddit, StackShare, etc.

Best Features of Jquery :-

  • Lightweight
  • CSS and HTML manipulation
  • Cross browser support
  • Simple and easy
  • Ajax Support
  • Built-in Animation

GitHub Link: https://github.com/jquery/jquery

Best Backend Frameworks

Backend frameworks are server-side programming languages that help build the backend structure of a website. It provides components for developing a dynamic web applications.

1. Django

Django framework is widely used for the development of APIs and web applications. It is an opensource web development backend framework, which was developed in 2005. We can build a complex code in less time with best quality Django. Django framework allows us to create highly functional web applications with the syntax rules of Python. It is recognized as the best web development backend framework to develop web applications.

Django is based on Python language, Python is a general-purpose programming language. We can use python for creating many applications including web applications and mobile applications. Django provides techniques and tools for developers to build a secure website or implements the security features in the framework itself. (Learn python from here: https://neuralbeast.com/python-tutorial/ )

The companies which have developed their backend side of web applications in Django is: Google, Youtube, Instagram, Udemy, Pinterest, Coursera, etc.

Best Features of Django :-

  • Python Web-framework
  • Excellent Documentation
  • High Scalability
  • Offers High Security
  • SEO Optimised
  • Compatible with vast OS and Databases
  • Standalone web server for development & testing

GitHub Link: https://github.com/django/django

2. Spring

Spring is one of the most popular web development backend frameworks for Java enterprise edition. It is an open source framework released in 2003 by Rod Johnson. Spring Framework provides a comprehensive programming and configuration model for modern Java-based enterprise applications.

Most of the web developers use spring framework to create high-performance web applications. AOP(Aspect-Oriented Programming) is an important part of the Spring Framework, AOP is used for separating cross-cutting concerns like logging, security, etc. We can creating simple, fast, flexible, and portable java based applications using spring framework.

The companies which have developed their backend side of web applications in Spring is: Zalando, Accenture, Zillow, MIT, Platform, deleokorea, etc.

Best Features of Spring :-

  • Lightweight
  • Dependency Injection
  • Integration with other frameworks
  • Aspect Oriented Programming(AOP)
  • JDBC exception handling
  • declarative security mechanism

GitHub Link: https://github.com/spring-projects/spring-framework

3. Laravel

Laravel is an open source and free, web development backend framework. It was released in 2011 and developed by Taylor Otwell. Laravel framework follows the MVC architectural pattern, this architecture pattern helps in improving the performance, allowing better documentation, and has multiple built-in functions. Laravel is also popular due to its Object-Oriented libraries as well as many other pre-installed libraries.

Laravel framework is based on PHP language. PHP is a general-purpose scripting language especially suited to web development. Laravel has multiple widgets incorporating CSS and JS code with solid structures. Laravel is used for developing small to large applications with complex backend requirements.

The companies which have developed their backend side of web applications in Laravel is: Cuttlesoft, Resourcifi, Rootstrap, RnF Technologies, Cheesecake Labs, etc.

Best Features of Laravel :-

  • Optimized for Security
  • Strong Developer Community
  • Availability of Pre-built Components
  • Unit Testing Facilities
  • Easy Migrations
  • Command Line Interface
  • MVC Architecture

GitHub Link: https://github.com/laravel/laravel

4. Node.js

Node JS is a JavaScript framework that is used for server-side scripting. Node.js is an open-source and cross-platform web development framework. It has javascript environment that executes javascript code outside of a web browser. It is very lightweight, efficient as well as capable to use JavaScript on both frontend and backend development and it allows you to write the same language for both your frontend and backend.

Node.js is a combination of the runtime environments and javascript libraries. Node JS frameworks are mostly used because of their productivity, scalability and speed.

The companies which have developed their backend side of web applications in Node JS is: Uber, PayPal, NASA, eBay, Medium, Trello, etc.

Best Features of Node JS :-

  • Simple & Easy to learn
  • Robust technology stack
  • Fast-processing and event-based model
  • Strong corporate support
  • Rich ecosystem
  • Seamless JSON support

GitHub Link: https://github.com/nodejs

5. Flask

Flask is a popular web development backend framework. Flask was developed in 2010. Flask is used to create a very lightweight backend web applications. Flask is a micro web framework, because it does not require particular tools or libraries. Flask framework is used to develop reliable, scalable, and maintainable web applications.

Flask Framework is based on Python language. We can use python for creating many applications including web applications and mobile applications. (Learn python from here: https://neuralbeast.com/python-tutorial/ )

The companies which have developed their backend side of web applications in Flask is: Netflix, Reddit, Lyft, Mozilla, Uber, Airbnb, etc.

Best Features of Flask :-

  • Built-in Development server
  • Fast debugging
  • Extensive documentation
  • support for secure cookies
  • Performance

GitHub Link: https://github.com/pallets/flask

Conclusion:

After reading this article, you will get an idea for choosing best framework for your project. Choosing best web development framework is depend on your project because, each framework has its own advantage and disadvantage.

If you guys found this article helpful, then share this article with your friends and don’t forget to comment, which framework you are going to choose for your project.

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